Parasomnias is a broad term used to describe various uncommon disruptive sleep-related disorders. They are intense, infrequent physical acts that occur during sleep. Some common Parasomnias include sleepwalking, sleep talking, sleep terror, nightmares, and teeth grinding.
· Parasomnias is commonly observed during to the Non-Rapid Eye Movement Sleep (NREM sleep), and the Rapid Eye Movement Sleep (REM sleep).
· REM sleep behavior disorder with nightmares and isolated sleep paralysis occurrences are the most common in REM sleep based parasomnias.
· Most people suffering from parasomnias, need to be diagnosed for a specific disorder, since they have no actual disease present. They require an accurate diagnostic assessment, if they have been preoccupied with nightmares, or when they experience daytime sleepiness.
· It is more difficult to conduct diagnosis of parasomnias in adults than in kids.There are many well recognized signs and symptoms with certain recognition of the disorder development in kids. On the contrary, more complicated differential diagnosis must be applied for adults.
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