Dyssomnias are ususally associated by difficulty to fall asleep, or to remain sleeping.
- Dyssomnias are classified as sleeping disorders
- Dyssomnias become primary sleep disorders by due to ability for initiating or maintaining sleep and or excessive sleepiness
- Dyssomnias also characterized by a disturbance in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep
People who diagnosed with dyssomnia usually complain of the following symptoms:
- difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep
- intermittent wakefulness during the night
- early morning awakening
- combinations of any of those mentioned above
What causes dyssomnias?
- Physical discomfort
- Daytime napping
- Early bedtimes
Types of dyssomnias
There are over 30 recognized kinds of dyssomnias. Major groups of dyssomnias are listed below:
- Intrinsic sleep disorders – 12 disorders recognized, including
- periodic limb movement disorder
- restless legs syndrome
- sleep apnea
- Extrinsic sleep disorders – 13 disorders recognized, including
- alcohol-dependent sleep disorder
- food allergy insomnia
- inadequate sleep routine.
- Circadian rhythm sleep disorders, both intrinsic and extrinsic – 6 disorders recognized, including
- advanced sleep phase syndrome
- delayed sleep phase syndrome
- shift work sleep disorder
Two most common types of treatment and another two types, which may be combined:
- Psychological, or cognitive-behavioral: for primary insomnia disorder
- Pharmacological: in the presence of acute distress, such as a grief reaction
- Combination of both types: In situations when ingestion of the hormone melatonin or bright light therapy for circadian rhythm disorders.
In conlusion, specialists in sleep medicine are trained to diagnose and treat these disorders.
See aso: Parasomnias